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  • 石材养护知识——石材晶面处理
  • 本站编辑:杭州鑫火实业有限公司发布日期:2020-02-13 12:38 浏览次数:

随着社会的进步,石材已经越来越被广泛的运用到石材装饰建筑中,同时,石材护理也是必不可少的一项,打蜡便是靠前代的石材护理技术,直至今日也在广泛的运用。此技术依靠水溶性低分子塑料材料,

在石材表面形成覆盖层保护底材。但是大家不知道的是石材表层硬度较低,易变色,需要每天抛光打蜡,耗费巨资,也严重伤害了石材表面,而高溶剂碱性的起蜡水更渗入石材形成龟裂。而石材晶面处理 

是利用物(理)化(学)原理,采用专业石材养护机械配合结晶材料,先对石材进行物理加温,从而使石材与结晶材料发生化学反应,以使在石材表面形成一种晶莹剔透的保护薄膜。

做晶面处理对石材有什么好处呢?高档次天然装饰材料,它的结构成分较为复杂,其需要定期进行必要的结晶养护才能保证应有的装饰效果,避免石材出现龟裂、表层脱落、失光、污染等病症现象,延长

石材的使用寿命,否则石材的装饰效果会大打折扣,石材会出现一系列的病症现象。石材晶面处理,就相当于石材的美容修复,石材经过晶面硬处理后在其表面形成坚硬的结晶层,结晶层既提高了石材的

光亮度,也有效地保护了石材不受磨损和污染。石材晶面处理国家质量标准①、石面干净、整洁;保护完好,无损坏。②、整体石面手感细腻、油润、光亮、经营剔透。③、整体石面测光仪测试平均亮度

大理石80度以上,花岗岩、石英石微晶石75度以上。④、整体石面呈现吸盘止滑效果。⑤、整体石面呈现荷叶效应,具防水效果。石材晶面保养周期一般多少为好?①、别墅因为人流量少,一般一季度一

次为合适②、酒店、商厦等通道出入口每周两次。 ③、酒店、商厦大堂、电梯厅等公共区域每周一次。石材结晶材料怎么选择?结晶效果的好坏主要取决于选用材料的配方,必须根据业主的要求选用不同

的晶面材料:不能单独追求出光率,必须综合考虑结晶完毕石材透气性及石面结晶的亮度、清晰度、防滑度。石材结晶加工要点:①浅色大理石(雅士白、爵士白、鱼肚白、大花白、斯拉夫白等)不能用

酸性药剂做晶面。浅色石材含铁成分较高,与酸性药剂反应后容易引起石面发黄②材质疏松的石材不可用含树脂成分比较高的结晶材料,否则,树脂腊封闭石面毛孔,不利于石材透气,容易导致石材返碱、发黄等病变。③热带雨林、梦幻海南、法国金花等材质分布不均匀石材必须双重结晶,否则,因石面亮度不一致,石材结晶完毕会呈现石面手感平整视觉上不平整④多孔松软石材(白砂米黄、木化石等)晶面处理前必须涂刷毛孔收缩水,然后再双重结晶,否则会呈现散光。⑤花岗岩和微晶石等不可用钢丝棉抛光,否则,会因钢丝棉的粉末吸进石面毛孔日后发黄。⑥深色花岗岩结晶处理前必须润色处理,否则,晶面完工,会呈现石面枯燥、不油润,整体石面发白。

影响石材晶面处理光泽度的8个要素:1、石材品种不同,结晶效果不同。2、石材表面基础亮度不同,结晶效果不同3、石材表面钙化(大理石钙化、花岗岩硅化、抛光砖玻化)达到一定限度,石材表面结晶

亮度下降程度不同。(需进行浅层翻新,才能提高结晶效果)4、石材表面粉化、划痕多少,石材表面结晶亮度下降程度不同。5、石材表面人流量的多少,石材表面结晶亮度下降程度不同。6、室外环境情况

干净与否,石材表面结晶亮度下降程度不同。7、结晶后结晶层的耐老化性。8、晶面剂(粉)品牌、品种不同,结晶效果不同。由于石材晶面处理是一个日常保养维护的手段,因此,可以根据以上的经验来

查找和判断,石材晶面处理后光泽度不高的问题,以便于在以后的保养维护中做到比较佳效果。如果大家有什么关于石材方面知识想了解的,可以联系我们哦!

With the progress of society, stone has been widely used in stone decoration building. At the same time, stone care is also an indispensable one. Waxing is the first generation of stone care technology, 

which is also widely used today. This technology relies on water-soluble low molecular plastic material to form a covering layer on the stone surface to protect the substrate. But what we don't know is

 that the hardness of the stone surface is low and easy to change color. It needs to be polished and waxed every day, which costs a lot of money and also seriously damages the stone surface. The high

 solvent alkaline wax water penetrates into the stone to form cracks. The crystal surface treatment of stone materials is based on the principle of physicochemical (physical) and chemical (scientific), using

 professional stone maintenance machinery with crystal materials. First, the stone materials are heated physically, so that the chemical reaction between stone and crystal materials occurs, so as to form

 a crystal clear protective thin film on the stone surface.

What is the advantage of crystal surface treatment for stone? The high-grade natural decorative materials have complex structure and composition. They need regular crystallization maintenance to

 ensure the proper decorative effect, avoid stone cracks, surface falling off, loss of light, pollution and other diseases, and extend the service life of stone. Otherwise, the decorative effect of stone 

materials will be greatly reduced, and stone materials will have a series of diseases. The crystal surface treatment of stone is equivalent to the cosmetic repair of stone. After the crystal surface

 treatment, the stone forms a hard crystal layer on its surface. The crystal layer not only improves the brightness of stone, but also effectively protects the stone from wear and pollution. The stone

 crystal surface treatment is in accordance with the national quality standard ①. The stone surface is clean and tidy; it is well protected without damage. ② , the whole stone surface feels delicate, oily, 

bright and transparent. ③ The average brightness of marble is more than 80 degrees, and that of granite and quartz microcrystalline is more than 75 degrees. ④ , the whole stone surface presents the

 effect of suction cup anti sliding. ⑤ The whole stone surface presents lotus leaf effect, with waterproof effect. How many stone crystal surface maintenance cycle is generally good? ① Because of the

 small flow of people in the villa, it is generally suitable for once a quarter. 2. The entrances and exits of hotels and commercial buildings are twice a week. ③ Once a week in public areas such as hotels,

 shopping halls and elevator halls. How to choose stone crystal material? The quality of the crystallization effect mainly depends on the formula of the selected material. Different crystal surface materials

 must be selected according to the requirements of the owner: the light rate cannot be pursued alone, and the permeability of the stone after crystallization and the brightness, clarity and skid resistance 

of the stone crystal must be considered comprehensively. Key points of stone crystal processing: ① light marble (Jasper white, jazz white, fish belly white, large white, Slavic white, etc.) can not be used 

as crystal surface with acid agent. Light colored stone has high iron content, which is easy to cause yellowing of stone surface after reaction with acid agent. ② loose stone materials shall not be made 

of crystalline materials with high resin content, otherwise, resin wax will seal the pores of stone surface, which is not conducive to the permeability of stone, and it is easy to cause the stone to return to

 alkali, yellow and other diseases. ③ The uneven distribution of materials such as tropical rainforest, dreamlike Hainan, French golden flower and other stones must be double crystallized. Otherwise, 

due to the inconsistent brightness of the stone surface, the stone surface will show a smooth hand feel and visual irregularities after crystallizing. ④ porous soft stone (white sand, beige, lignified stone, 

etc.) must be coated with pore shrinkage water before crystal surface treatment, and then double crystallized, otherwise it will show astigmatism. ⑤ Granite and microcrystalline stone can not be polished 

with steel wool, otherwise, the pores on the stone surface will turn yellow due to the powder of steel wool. ⑥ Dark granite must be moistened before crystallization treatment, otherwise, when crystal 

surface is completed, the stone surface will be dry, not oily, and the whole stone surface will be white.

There are 8 factors that affect the glossiness of stone crystal surface treatment: 1. Different kinds of stone have different crystal effect. 2. The basic brightness of the stone surface is different, and the 

crystallization effect is different. 3. The surface calcification of the stone (marble calcification, granite silicification, polished brick vitrification) reaches a certain limit, and the crystal brightness of the stone 

surface decreases to different degrees. (it needs to be renovated in a shallow layer to improve the crystallization effect) 4. The amount of powdering and scratches on the surface of the stone, the degree 

of decrease of the crystal brightness on the surface of the stone is different. 5. The decrease degree of crystal brightness of stone surface is different with the amount of people flow on the stone surface.

 6、 Whether the outdoor environment is clean or not, the crystal brightness of the stone surface decreases differently. 7. Aging resistance of crystalline layer after crystallization. 8. Different brands and 

varieties of crystal powder have different crystal effect. As the stone crystal surface treatment is a means of daily maintenance, therefore, we can find and judge according to the above experience. The 

problem of low glossiness after the stone crystal surface treatment is convenient to achieve the best effect in the future maintenance. If you have any knowledge about stone, you can contact us!